(Page of tag Alexander III of Macedon) Alexander III of Macedon (20/21 July 356 – 10/11 June 323 BC), commonly known as Alexander the Great (Greek: Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας, Aléxandros ho Mégas iii[›] from the Greek ἀλέξω alexo "to defend, help" + ἀνήρ aner "man"), was a king of Macedon, a state in northern ancient Greece.Born in Pella in 356 BC, Alexander was tutored by Aristotle until the age of 16. The common soldiers, anxious about his health, were granted the right to file p… Log In Sign Up. Amphipolis mint, struck circa 307-297 BC. Alexander definition is - an iced cocktail made from crème de cacao, sweet cream, and gin or brandy. Polyperchon had made his escape to Epirus in the west, together with Roxane and the boy. Alexander IV was the son of Alexander the Great (a Macedonian) and Alexander's wife Roxana (a Sogdian). Of course, this would have given Perdiccas even more power, but he met too much resistance to reach this aim. Whatever Alexander's former status, he was now certainly called king. Abukir, Medaillon of Alexander, with the abduction Europa on his helmet. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alexander_IV_of_Macedon&oldid=991312692, People who died under the regency of Cassander, Murdered royalty of Macedonia (ancient kingdom), Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 11:56. Born in Pella, Alexander succeeded his father Philip II of Macedon at the young age of 21 and spent his years in unprecedented military campaigns that ran through Asia, North Africa and India and by the time of his death at age He was the conqueror of the Persian Empire and is considered to be one of the greatest military geniuses of all times. Alexander was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia in July 356 BC. While the infantry supported Alexander the Great's half-brother Philip III (who had some unknown cognitive disability present throughout his life[6]), the chiliarch Perdiccas, commander of the elite Companion cavalry, persuaded them to wait in the hope that Roxana's child would be male. On either 10 or 11 June 323 BC, Alexander died in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II, in Babylon, at age 32. Plutarch's account is that roughly 14 days before his death, Alexander entertained admiral Nearchus, and spent the night and next day drinking with Medius of Larissa. Choice VF. Birth. Alexander IV (323-310): son of Alexander the Great. Amyntas was one of the few kings of Macedon to enjoy a long reign that ended with a natural death. Cassander benefitted: he secured the support of Athens and in the spring of 317, he was officially recognized as ruler in Macedonia and regent of Philip Arridaeus. Alexander IV of Macedon (August 323-309 BC) was King of Macedon from 323 to 309 BC, co-reigning with Philip III and succeeding Alexander the Great and … 2. ), the royal family received a new guardian, Antipater, who took the royals to Macedonia and died soon after (319). Not many Macedonians wanted to serve a halfblood king. What are synonyms for Alexander III of Macedon? Greek sources call him king, but they were all written long after the events, and it would be a constitutional novelty if Macedonia had two kings. Polyperchon was allied with Eumenes and Olympias. Green, Peter. Our writers will create an original "Alexander III of Macedon" essay for you Create order A lot of … Pella, Agora, stoa. Signature of Peucestas. Alexander IV of Macedon in Egyptian art‎ (3 F) C Coins of Alexander IV of Macedon‎ (2 F) Media in category "Alexander IV of Macedon" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. All rights reserved. To conquer Persia was to conquer the world, for the Persian Empire sprawled over most of the known world: Asia Minor, the Middle East, Mesopotamia, Egypt, Iran. Alexander III of Macedon. Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic Age. Alexander IV of Macedon, was the posthumous son of Alexander the Great by his wife Roxana, a princess of Bactria. Alexander the Great, also known as Alexander III or Alexander of Macedonia, (born 356 bce, Pella, Macedonia [northwest of Thessaloníki, Greece]—died June 13, 323 bce, Babylon [near Al-Ḥillah, Iraq]), king of Macedonia (336–323 bce), who overthrew the Persian empire, carried Macedonian arms to India, and laid the foundations for the Hellenistic world of territorial kingdoms. Alexander III. After all, queen Roxane, an Iranian lady, was pregnant, and if she bore a son, he was the best successor. Cassander returned in the following year (316 BC), conquering Macedon once again. Alexander was born on 356 BC at Pella. When Antipater died in 319 BC he left Polyperchon, a Macedonian general who had served under Philip II and Alexander the Great, as his successor, passing over his own son, Cassander. In the autumn of 318, Polyperchon's navy was defeated by Antigonus' fleet in the Bosphorus, and Polyperchon lost control of the Aegean Sea. Both Kings were incapable of making decisions since Philip was considered retarded and Alexander was just a infant. At first, Antigonus was successful (he allied himself to his former enemy Polyperchon, and gained the Peloponnese), but he lost the east to Seleucus, an ally of Ptolemy. Defenders of the Argead dynasty began to declare that Alexander IV should now exercise full power and that a regent was no longer needed, since he had almost reached the significant age of 14, the age at which a Macedonian noble could become a court page. While a hostage in Thebes (367–364), he gained much knowledge of Greece and its people. 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