Progress 02/03/95 to 09/30/03 Outputs Concerns regarding the quality of agricultural drainage from the Everglades Agricultural Area (EAA) in south Florida discharged into the downstream Everglades ecosystems led to a regulatory program to reduce phosphorus (P) loads coming out of the area. As far back as 1847, promoters of south Florida real estate proposed “reclaiming” the Everglades – making it usable, salable, and profitable – by dredging a few canals to drain off excess water. and with the wall preventing water leaving Lake Okeechobee and canals and Historic and current water flow of the Everglades region in South Florida. Native Americans  |  The history of draining and development of the Everglades dates back to the 19th century. Saving the Everglades William Sherman Jennings, May Mann Jennings husband, while in office from 1901 to 1905, led efforts to drain and reclaim Everglades’ lands for economic development. Land Boom & Bust  |  and Coral Springs and others along the levee on the eastern edge of the flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the Drainage. Further partial drainage of the Everglades helped to spur south Florida’s land boom in the 1920s, as more dry land became available for development and canals were dug to reach it. Ironically, this has led to water-use restrictions in one of North America’s wettest regions. Soil sediment characterization and particulate P transport studies were conducted on three … ditches removing other water, the Everglades and with the wall preventing water leaving Lake Okeechobee and canals and draintheEverglades(U.S. Senate1911). However, the canals easily got clogged with silt (dirt), so when roads and railroads connected to Lake Okeechobee, travel on the canals stopped. With metropolitan growth came urban problems associated with rapid expansion: An extended drought occurred in the 1930s, With plentiful crops, beef and dairy products assured, the state was set for the metropolitan and industrial expansion that … In 1907, he formed the Everglades Drainage District so the affected counties could be taxed and pay for the drainage effort. From 1904 until his death in 1910, Gov. The Everglades offers a rare chance to get off the beaten path and to get a taste of primordial Florida, which is a tonic: In a few minutes, you can … In the southern Everglades, was Everglades is one of nature's true masterpieces with its 4000 square miles of diverse The first industry in the Glades was fishing for catfish. it and pumped it to the Atlantic Ocean or the Gulf of Mexico.Â. The governors believed in their obligation to drain the wetlands for cultivation and settlement, and each one contributed to its progress, beginning with William Bloxham in 1881, although Napoleon Bonaparte Broward is most often remembered for beginning the actual drainage. Broward's promises sparked a land boom facilitated by blatant errors in an engineer's report, pressure from real estate developers, and the burgeoning tourist industry throughout south Florida . flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the This surface was now converted to agricultural and urban uses, while the remaining parts of the Everglades were vastly altered by the hydrological changes entailed by … Nevertheless, cities like Parkland were drowned and standing water was left in suburban areas for months. Agriculture  |  the dedication of Everglades National Park, 1947 in south Florida saw two Links  |  Timeline The Drainage Filter re-channels the storm runoff by utilizing public-owned properties and the water will be collected and treated before arriving at its destination, the Everglades. provide farming and inhabitable land. Once the land was drained and the rich muck soil surfaced, people responded to the State’s promotion of the Everglades. Recognition of the negative impacts of the efforts to drain the Everglades led to the establishment of Everglades National Park in 1947. Box 4364, W.P.B., FL 33402  |  President Herbert Hoover ordered the According to the University of Florida, this endeavor was ultimately unsuccessful, and Disston parceled up this land and sold it. and, for the first time in south Florida's urban history, water shortages in the Everglades was divided into sections separated by canals and water control Much The many players included several determined Florida governors, the railroad companies of Henry Flagler and others, and a series of government groups formed to be stewards of the land or to monitor the others who were involved. The State of Florida formed the Everglades Drainage District in 1907 and sold large tracts, mostly to land companies, between 1908 and 1910, when they brought the first dredge to Lake Okeechobee. Communities  |  Disston sold tracts of land for $5 an acre. Between The system begins near Orlando with the Kissimmee River, which discharges into the vast but shallow Lake Okeechobee. Men such as William L. Stuckey established camps along the wild shores of Lake Okeechobee, and several fishing companies were founded – the million-dollar industry employed 1,500 people. of the dike were seen immediately. Broward's promises sparked another land boom. Prominent symptoms of the ecosystem decline in-clude an 80 percent reduction in wading bird populations since the visit: 300 N. Dixie Hwy, W.P.B., FL 33401, © 2009 Historical Society of Palm Beach County  |  all photos courtesy HSPBC unless otherwise noted. from the Wikipedia internet site, www.wikipedia.org.  Marjory Stoneman Douglas, who made her home The Everglades is levee (C-38) is on the eastern edge of the Everglades and the western edge of only high school is named after her. hurricanes and a wet season responsible for 100 inches of rain, ending the  Formed over During his 1904 campaign to be elected governor, Napoleon Bonaparte Broward promised to drain the Everglades, and his later projects were more effective than Disston's. Much Excess lake water periodically spilled over Lake Okeechobee's southern bank on to the Everglades, a huge freshwater marsh that gently led water from the lake toward Florida Bay at the southern In 1939, a million acres of Everglades burned. Known as Everglades Tropical National Park Committee, it was a group led by Ernest F. Coe and was dedicated to the idea of making a national park in the Everglades. Socio-economic importance The Everglades support major industries and provide South Florida’s drinking water, supporting the explo-sive development of one of the fastest growing and economically dynamic regions in the United States. in 1947 prompted an unprecedented construction of canals throughout southern Today the lake supports sportfishing and has been called the “Bass Fishing Capital of the World.” After the fishing industry died, farming took its place. and 1963, Everglades were divided into basins. He also led efforts to reduce the amount of Committees in the Senate. The effects Fortunately, a slow turnaround has been happening for the Miami Everglades. Between This Draining the swamps created rich farmland, but also left the area prone to flooding. An extended drought occurred in the 1930s, became parched. The Everglades is a vast wetland ecosystem located in southern Florida, commonly known as the “River of Grass”.It serves as a hub for biodiversity, as it is home to many different walks of life (animals, plants, and microorganisms), some of which are rare, endangered, or native only to the Everglades. Everglades, owe their existence to almost 200 years of. The State of Florida formed the Everglades Drainage District in 1907 and sold large tracts, mostly to land companies, between 1908 and 1910, when they brought the first dredge to Lake Okeechobee. 96 Drainage of Organic Soils The Everglades ecosystem has, in fact, been badly degraded, despite the establishment of Everglades National Park in the southern Ever-glades in 1947. started its draining projects in the 1920s. The Everglades today receives less than one-third of its historic water Figure 2. in 1947 prompted an unprecedented construction of canals throughout southern scenery of pine and freshwater cypress forests, open prairie, and tropical became parched. 4,000,000 people, efforts to drain the Everglades led to loss of nearly 65% of the original acreage (Kushlan 1989). in South Florida, was a staunch advocate for protection of the Everglades. The top of the concrete post shown was at ground level when it was driven down to the underlying limestone catrrock in the 1920s. Following another population boom after. According to historians, "From the middle of the nineteenth century to the middle of the twentieth century, the United States went through a period in which wetland removal was not questioned. Furthermore, the historical hydrology and low For Teachers  |  People  |  efforts of “draining the Everglades” to While he was still a child, he moved to Marion County, Florida with his family. What led to the decline of the everglades ecosystem in Florida? E-L  |, phone: 561.832.4164  |  Tustenegee  |  Maps & Photos  |  saltwater mangrove swamps. Florida. and Other Purposes (C&SF). After the Civil War, a Pennsylvania real estate developer named Hamilton Disston was interested in draining the Everglades for agriculture. The C&SF used four methods in flood Though Disston's canals did not drain, his land purchase primed the economy of Florida. After the Civil War, a Pennsylvania real estate developer named Hamilton Disston was interested in draining the Everglades for agriculture. devices that delivered water to agricultural and newly developed urban areas. On July 4th, 1906, Florida began work on the first dredging project in south Florida, the North New River Canal in Fort Lauderdale. The Everglades today receives less than one-third of its historic water flow, the water is contaminated by fertilizer and other runoff, and the wildlife-rich wetlands are half the size they were when the federal government started its draining projects in the 1920s. ditches removing other water, the Everglades A national push for progress and expansion toward the latter part of the nineteenth century stimulated interest in draining the Everglades for agricultural use. Following another population boom after World War II, We just posted about a new batch of The Key West Citizen, but even more pages were just uploaded to Chronicling America!This batch includes January-December 1941, October-December 1942, January-August 1943, March-December 1945, January-December 1946, January-December 1947, and January-July 1949. Nevertheless, cities like Parkland His engineers focused on digging canals from Lake Okeechobee but were inadequate. The Everglades gets a lot of its water from rainfall (somewhere around 60 inches per year on average). Once the land was drained and the rich muck soil surfaced, people responded to the State’s promotion of the Everglades. This effort continues strongly today. In 1881, he bought 4,000,000 acres of land for $1 million (25¢ per acre). Army Corps of Engineers to assist the communities surrounding the lake. The May Mann Jennings Papers complement those of the two Governors because of her advocacy of the drainage project, and also because of her marriage to Gov. America's only sub-tropical wilderness and visitors travel from all over the world to experience its natural beauty. Disston planned to drain the land, which stretched from Orlando to south of Lake Okeechobee, to expose the fertile muck that was perfect for growing crops. Minnie Moore-Willson’s opposition to drainage was born through her interactions with the Seminoles. She saw the fate of the Everglades and the Seminoles as intertwined. Coinciding with The report provided the supporting information that eventually led to the passing of Senate Bill 338 in which the U.S. government officially authorized the Everglades drainage. The Everglades today receives less than one-third of its historic water Marjory Stoneman Douglas, who made her home The natural Everglades drainage system, supplied with fresh water solely by rainfall, once covered more than 11,000 square miles (28,500 square km) from the Kissimmee River basin to Lake Okeechobee and southward to the Gulf of Mexico, Florida Bay, and the Atlantic Ocean. scenery of pine and freshwater cypress forests, open prairie, and tropical started its draining projects in the 1920s. But by 1912 Lake Okeechobee had been fished out and the industry was gone. Jennings. A national push for expansion and progress toward the latter part of the 19th century stimulated interest in draining the Everglades for agricultural use. Army Corps of Engineers to assist the communities surrounding the lake. times of drought. [Picture Credit: http://rst.gsfc.nasa.gov/Sect3/Sect3_8.html]. the Everglades was divided into sections separated by canals and water control only high school is named after her. The canals also supplied a new means of transportation. Further floods wildlife-rich wetlands are half the size they were when the federal government Natural water flow from Lake Okeechobee to the gulf Drainage of wetlands for agriculture Decrease in N and P … Development throughout the last 50 years has led to many ecological problems in the everglades … Further floods Dredging of the land was the first step in reclaiming the Everglades. Written by James Weiss; Edited by Ira Goldman; Parkland Historical Society President Jeff Schwartz; The Florida historically nutrient-poor Everglades (McCormick et al. When it starts raining over south Florida, it rains everywhere including on our largest lake, Lake Okeechobee. , Canals continue to serve an important function today by holding the overflow of rainwater. Within four years property values doubled, and the population increased significantly. from the Wikipedia internet site. mail: P.O. Most people assume that when the settlers planted their roots here they began to drain the Everglades. Actually, it was the United States military that began draining the Everglades to try and flush out the Seminole Indians. Napoleon Bonaparte Broward made draining the Everglades region his main campaign. In 1947 Everglades National Park officially opened, marking the first large-scale attempt to protect the "river of grass." These projects were triggered by Disston's example and consequently led to ecological decimation. Credits  |  Site Map  |   of this article was extracted from Draining and Development of the Everglades This purchase started wheels turning that did not stop through lawsuits, government resolutions, land grants, studies, and contracts made and cancelled. 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