While growth is dormant, the tree becomes more susceptible to silver leaf disease. How to Prune a Dwarf Plum. How to prune plum trees. When to Feed Plum Trees . When you prune in the winter, you revitalize the tree and stimulate growth the following spring, whereas when you do it in the summer, you slow unruly growth and limit the size of the tree. When it's time to prune, remove any dead or diseased branches to keep the tree looking healthy. PRUNING TECHNIQUES FOR PLUM TREES This section explains how to prune a branch, the same rules apply to plum trees and other fruit trees. How To Plant Plum Trees. Prune new branches in January. May 11, 2016 "It was written so even a child could learn how to plant a plum tree from the pit. See our guide below for how to trim plums into a healthy bush – the overall look you are going for is a wine glass shape. But without accurate trimming and training, these trees could be a problem instead of an asset. If you are wondering how to prune a potted fruit tree, you’ll be happy to hear that it’s not difficult. July and August is the best time to prune plums in most Northern Hemisphere locations. Don’t prune plum trees in winter as this can cause them to develop silver leaf disease. These cuts stimulate growth behind the cut. The reason for training and pruning is to increase fruit production and boost tree health. How to prune plum trees. Plum trees are a gorgeous addition to any outdoor space. By the time it is five years old, a plum tree (Prunus spp.) Pruning fruit trees in containers is generally a breeze when compared with pruning fruit trees in the orchard. Cherry plums are small native or wild plums. Thinning cuts are made at the base of a branch, removing it entirely and reducing the amount of vegetative growth. Prunes are a type of European plum with an extra high sugar content (which allows them to be dried without fermenting at the pit). This is a highly undesirable fungal disease that leads to silvering of the leaves and eventually death of the branch. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – March-April Harvest – July to September. How to Prune a 5-Year-Old Plum Tree. Height – 16 to 20 feet (5 to 6 m) Exposure – full sun Soil – rich enough. But if you don’t prune your tree correctly, you can hurt it more than help it. In fact, if you don’t thin them out, your plum tree may crop so heavily that the branches snap under their own weight! This leader is the newest extension of a long, upright growing trunk from which all lateral branches arise. Plum tree is magnificent from spring to fall, and offers abundant harvests of plums.. Main Plum tree facts. Before getting into the best time to prune a plum tree here in the UK, it’s important to know when not to prune one. Click here for tips on how and when to prune fruit trees in pots. How to prune established espaliers. “Victoria” plums (Prunus domestica), of English origin, grow from self-pollinating, high-yield trees with vigorous growth. If you are growing plum trees in the ground, preparing the area is the first job on the agenda. Never Prune Plum Trees During Winter. Italiano: Piantare un Seme di Prugna. Some are self-fertile and others require a pollinator. Winter is the best time to cut back stone fruit trees (peaches, cherries, apricots and plums) and pome fruit trees (apples, pears and quince). Check out the video below to … Remedy. A video on pruning plum trees - Dan Neuteboom shows us two mature plum trees, one of which has been pruned badly, while the other has been pruned well. The winter months, especially around February, are an excellent time to prune plum trees to insure their fruitfulness in the approaching growing season. These trees will fruit well whether or not they are pruned. Be aware that the trunk alone is not enough to ensure that the tree will survive. Fertilizing plum trees without knowing whether or not it is necessary not only wastes your money, but it can result in excessive plant growth and low fruit yields. Prune European Plum Trees to a Central Leader Shape. Plant plum trees during the dormant season, before growth starts in late winter or early spring. Stakes or training wires may be needed depending on the type of tree form you decide to grow. Reader Success Stories. Prune young trees in spring for shape and established trees later on, to remove dead and damaged wood. How to Prune Fruit Trees. Prune back any old and diseased stems to … Learn how to trim one and the rest will be easy, as the base principles of pruning are the same. Pruning plum trees… To prune a plum tree, wait until the tree is dormant in the winter if you want to encourage more growth in the spring, or prune it during the summer if you want to slow its growth. How to Prune Plums How to prune plums. Four steps to a healthy plum tree. STEP 1 Cut a notch about 3cm deep into the underside of the branch. Cut back sideshoots growing from the horizontal leaders to three leaves from the basal cluster, 7.5cm (3in) long. Japanese plums trees come in a variety of species, such as Satsuma, Santa Rosa, Burbank, Mariposa, and Red Ace. Thinning fruits can be regarded as the first stage of pruning, as it reduces strain on the branches. Pruning plum trees after planting. When to Prune Plum Trees . Removing leafy growth helps to restrict the vigour of trained fruit forms. These plums are much softer, juicier, and larger than their European counterparts, though the European plum trees can survive much colder conditions. Do this in early summer while fruits are still small and can be pinched out with your thumb and forefinger. Pruning is the most important winter task for your plum trees. wikiHow Quick Video on How to Prune Plum Trees. How to Prune Victoria Plums. Bare-root plants usually establish better than container-grown trees. Prune a plum tree during the winter, and it could wind up with silver leaf disease. Once you have decided on growing plum trees, and where to place it, it is almost time to get planting. Winter is the best time to prune deciduous fruit trees such as apples, pears and plums. For most deciduous trees, make sure that there are living branches on at least 2/3 of the tree, though this varies by species. Young plum trees can be pruned during the summer months to remove the sucker limbs that sprout from the trunk but are unproductive in contributing to fruit production. When to prune established fans. Prune fans in spring and summer on a dry day (when the risk of fungal infection is low). Print; Send fan mail to authors ; Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 155,068 times. So, now that you know when to prune fruit trees, it’s important to how to prune your tree. Summer Pruning Plum Trees. Gardeners may have differing opinions about the best way to prune a fruit tree, but our simple three-step process that works for the majority of fruit trees. The picture below illustrates the three steps. European plum trees require much lesser pruning when compared to the Japanese one which have an aggressive growth rate. A dwarf fruit tree is created when a piece of a selected cultivar is grafted to a dwarf rootstock, which then limits the mature height of the tree. Plumcots and pluots are hybrids between plums and apricots. Also, prune off any branches that aren't producing fruit. You will have planted in winter when the tree is dormant. The tree’s age is a barometer on when to fertilize. Plums need to be pruned in July and August to ensure top-quality fruit is produced consistently each and every season. Prune lateral branches (branches that grow out from the scaffold branches) back to the branch collar using cuts made at 45° angles. 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